High-speed Spain:  An S103 AVE about to leave Madrid Atocha for Barcelona, now taking just 2 hours 40 minutes...

Buy train tickets for Spain...

 www.renfe.com (no fee, but see this advice on using it)

www.raileurope-world.com (€4 fee, but no payment problems)

www.petrabax.com/renfe (small fee, but no payment problems)

Buy a Spain Pass...

www.renfe.com or www.petrabax.com/renfe

See Spain by train...

Once upon a time, Spain had one of the most backward train networks in western Europe.  Now, they have one of the best, indeed, one of my favourite rail systems.  High-speed AVE trains (Alta Velocidad Española) link major cities at up to 186mph, and if you book in advance online you can find some great cheap fares at the official Spanish rail website, www.renfe.com.  This page will give you a heads-up on how to travel cheaply around Spain by train.

Information on this page...

  Spain by train, in a nutshell - the key points you need to know.

  Railpasses for Spain

  Spanish train classes explained

  What are Spanish trains like?

  How to buy train tickets for Spain - the cheapest way!

  How to use www.renfe.com

  How to transfer between Atocha & Chamartin in Madrid

  Tailor-made tours & holidays in Spain by train

  Hotels & accommodation in Spain

Information on other pages...

  UK to Spain by train - Train times, fares, how to buy tickets.

  Paris to Barcelona TGV trains

  Train travel from Spain to other European cities

  Train travel from other European cities to Spain

  Eurail passes   InterRail passes

  General European train travel information: luggage, bikes, pets, maps, timetables, tips.

Sponsored links...


Useful country information

Train operator in Spain:


Renfe, see www.renfe.com for train times, fares & online booking in Spain, but see this advice on using it.  RENFE's UK agent for trains to & within Spain: www.spanish-rail.co.uk.  Local trains around Bilbao, San Sebastian, French frontier:  www.euskotren.es.  Local trains in northern Spain (ex-FEVE): www.renfe.com/viajeros/feve.  Madrid metro: www.metromadrid.es.




Beginner's guide to European railpasses    Buy a rail pass online


GMT+1 (GMT+2 from last Sunday in March to last Saturday in October)


£1 = approx €1.22,  $1 = approx €0.8.   Currency converter

Tourist information:


Cars & car hire:

Taking your car by train = Motorail     Car hire in Spain

Hotels & hostels:

Find hotels in Spain    Hotel reviews see www.tripadvisor.com.

Page last updated:

11 November 2014

Spain by train, in a nutshell

The key things you need to know, in a nutshell..

Railpasses for Spain...

Spanish train classes explained

Turista, Turista Plus, Preferente, Club...

What are Spanish trains like?

AVE trains...

AVE trains come in various types.  These photos of the original French-designed S100 AVE type used between Madrid & Seville give you a good idea of the difference between the three classes.  See photos of the German-designed S103 AVE used between Barcelona & Madrid.  See photos of the Spanish Talgo-designed S102 AVE used between Madrid & Malaga, Barcelona & Malaga, Barcelona & Seville.

An AVE train to Seville ready to leave Madrid Atocha   Inside the Sala Club (1st class lounge) at Madrid Atocha.

All aboard!  This is an S100 AVE from Madrid to Seville.  All AVE trains have a cafe-bar serving drinks and snacks, or you feel free to bring your own food, wine or beer on board. 


First class Sala Club lounge.  Club & Preferente passengers including Promo+ tickets but excluding Promo tickets may use the Sala Club lounge at major Spanish stations, with coffee, juices & beer...

AVE Club class on an S100 AVE train   Complimentary at-seat meal in Club class from Madrid to Barcelona

AVE Club class with reclining leather seats, power sockets for laptops & mobiles.


A hot at-seat meal with wine is included in the Club class fare...

AVE Preferente class on an S100 AVE train to Seville   AVE Tourist class on an S100 AVE train from Madrid to Seville

AVE Preferente class with reclining seats, power sockets for laptops & mobiles.


AVE Turista class with comfortable seats, power sockets for laptops & mobiles.

Turista Plus?  No Club class?  You'll now find Turista Plus class on some AVEs, this means a Preferente-type seat.  Some AVEs now lack Club class - on these trains you may find yourself in a Club class seat with a Preferente ticket.

Alvia & EuroMed trains...

These S130 trains operate the EuroMed services linking Barcelona, Valencia & Alicante, as well as Alvia trains from Madrid to Cadiz & Huelva.  They consist of little articulated coaches built by the Talgo company sandwiched between two duck-billed power cars.  There are other Alvia services operates by similar trains with a diesel power-car added, and a few Alvia trains operated by slightly different train types, but of similar high quality.

An Alvia train at Barcelona Sants   Turista (2nd class) seats on an Alvia train

An Alvia train at Barcelona Sants.  It's a type S130 nick-named 'pato' or 'duck', for obvious reasons!


Turista (2nd class) seats on an Alvia train...

Preferente (1st class) seats on an Alvia train   A EuroMed train at Barcelona Franca station

Preferente (1st class) seats on an Alvia train...


An Alvia (EuroMed) train at Barcelona Franca station.

Altaria trains...

These run on many long distance routes, including Madrid-Ronda-Algeciras and Madrid-Granada.  Little articulated trains built by the Talgo company and hauled by a separate locomotive, they have adjustable axles so they can run at up to 125mph on the high-speed AVE lines (which are standard European gauge) then go though a gauge-changing shed to emerge on traditional Spanish broad gauge to complete their journey on the classic network.

  Turista (2nd class) on an Altaria train

An articulated Talgo Altaria train at Madrid Atocha.


Turista (2nd class) on an Altaria train.

  An Altaria train at Madrid Atocha

Preferente (1st class) seating on an Altaria train...


An Altaria train at Madrid Atocha, just arrived from Ronda & Algeciras...

How to buy train tickets for Spain

Option 1:  Buy online at the Spanish Railways site www.renfe.com, cheap fares, no fees...

The Spanish Railways website www.renfe.com sells tickets for almost any long-distance train wholly within Spain including sleepers, and you simply print out your own ticket.  It sells some amazingly cheap online Promo & Promo+ fares that you can't buy from agencies or even at the ticket office, making it well worth getting to know.  It will also book the international trainhotels in either direction between Madrid & Lisbon or the French border & Lisbon, with self-print tickets.  It has a few quirks, so please read the advice on using Renfe.com below.

Option 2:  If you have any problems with Renfe.com, buy at www.petrabax.com/renfe...

If you have any difficulty with Renfe.com, for example payment problems or quirky translations, you can book Spanish trains online in plain English with no payment problems at www.petrabax.com/renfe.  This is a US-based agency that has been allowed to link to the Renfe ticketing system, so has the same trains and cheap Promo prices (although priced in US$ with a modest mark-up), no payment problems, and no language problems.  It issues the same print-at-home tickets as Renfe themselves, so anyone from any country worldwide can use it, including the UK, United States, Canada and Australia.  Feedback if you use the Petrabax site would be appreciated.

Option 3:  Buy by phone in the UK on 0844 248 248 3...

You can buy Spanish train tickets by phone in the UK with one of Spanish Railway's UK agents:

How to use www.renfe.com

Changing trains & stations in Madrid

Some trains use Madrid's modern Chamartin station in the north of the city.  The trains to Seville, Granada, Malaga leave from Madrid Atocha station (also known as Puerta de Atocha) about 20 minutes walk south of the city centre.  It's easy to transfer between stations by frequent suburban train.  The Spanish for suburban train is 'Cercanias', look for the orange and white 'C' logo.

  Spanish suburban train ('Cercanias')

An air-conditioned Spanish suburban train at Madrid Chamartin, going to Madrid Atocha...


Madrid Atocha station:  The old historic trainshed at Madrid Atocha has been turned into an attractive tropical garden, with café...  High-speed trains to Barcelona, Malaga & Seville leave from a modern concourse, out of shot directly behind the photographer.  For train departures to Seville, Malaga, Barcelona & Algeciras, you must climb the stairways or escalators shown in the right and left of this photo to a first-floor departure area and X-ray check.  Suburban trains to/from Chamartin station (plus a few mainline trains that start at Chamartin) use underground through platforms shown in the renfe.com timetables as 'Atocha Cercanias'.

Panorama photo of Madrid Atocha old hall.

Madrid Chamartin ▶ Madrid Atocha

Madrid Atocha ▶ Madrid Chamartin

Maps of Madrid...


Lonely Planet Spain - click to buy onlineLonely Planet Europe on a Shoestring - click to buy onlineThe Man in Seat 61 book - click to buy onlinePaying for a guidebook may seem an unnecessary expense, but it's a tiny fraction of what you're spending on your whole trip.  You will see so much more, and know so much more about what you're looking at, if you have a decent guidebook.  For the independent traveller I'd recommend either the Lonely Planet or the Rough Guide, both provide an excellent level of practical detail and useful background. You won't regret buying either of these guides! My own book, an essential handbook for train travel to Europe based on this website called "The Man in Seat 61", was published in June 2008, and is available from Amazon with shipping worldwide.

Click the images to buy online at Amazon.co.uk...

Alternatively, download just the chapters or areas you need in .PDF format from the Lonely Planet Website, from around £2.99 or US$4.95 a chapter.

The European Rail Timetable & maps

Thomas Cook European Timetable -  click to buy onlineTraveller's Railway Map of Europe - buy onlineThe European Rail Timetable (formerly the Thomas Cook European Timetable) has train & ferry times for every country in Europe plus currency & climate information.  It is essential for regular European train travellers and an inspiration for armchair travellers.  Published since 1873, it had just celebrated 140 years of publication when Thomas Cook decided to pull the plug on their entire publishing department, but the dedicated ex-Thomas Cook team have set up a private venture and published the first edition of a reborn European Rail Timetable in March 2014.  You can buy it online with worldwide shipping at either www.stanfords.co.uk or www.europeanrailtimetable.euMore information on what the European Rail Timetable contains.

A Traveller's Railway Map of Europe covers the whole of Europe from Portugal in the west to Moscow & Istanbul in the east, Finland in the north to Sicily & Athens in the south.  On the back are detailed maps of Switzerland, Benelux & Germany, plus city plans showing stations in major cities.  Scenic & high-speed routes highlighted.  Buy it online for £14.50 + postage worldwide (UK addresses £2.80) at www.stanfords.co.uk/Continents/Europe/Maps--Atlases/Europe-A-Travellers-Railway-Map_9789077899090.htm or (in the Netherlands) for €13 + €5.50 postage from www.treinreiswinkel.nl.

Find hotels anywhere in Spain


◄◄ Hotel search & price comparison.

www.hotelscombined.com checks all the main hotel booking sites at once to find the widest choice of hotels & the cheapest seller.  It was named as the World's Leading Hotel Comparison Site at the World Travel Awards 2013 and I highly recommend it, both to find hotels in even the smallest places and to check that another retailer isn't selling your hotel for less!

www.booking.com is my favourite booking site.  It's really clear and you can usually book with free cancellation and so confirm your accommodation at no risk months before train booking opens.

Other hotel sites worth trying...

Backpacker hostels...

Environmentally aware, actively ethical adventures in Spain:  www.wildsideholidays.com...

Tailor-made tours of Spain


020 3327 0761 (UK)

1-800-408-3280 (USA)

1300 971 526 (Aus)

0800 002 034 (NZ)

Custom-made tours of Spain by train...

If you want to tour Spain by train, with all your train reservations and hotels sorted for you to your own specification, contact rail travel specialists Railbookers and they'll create the best rail holiday for you, hassle-free.  Unlike some overseas travel agents, they really do know all about train travel in Italy and right across Europe, and they know some excellent hotels, too.  They take good care of their clients and it's not surprising they get a lot of repeat business, so I have no hesitation in recommending them.

  UK call 020 3327 0761, www.railbookers.com

Call toll-free 1-800-408-3280 or www.us.railbookers.com.

Australia call toll-free 1300 971 526, www.railbookers.com.au

  New Zealand call toll-free 0800 002 034 or see website.

Car hire

Take the train to Spain, then hire a car:  www.holidayautos.co.uk

Spanish city centres and cars don't mix well, so stick with the train for city-based tours.  But if you want to get out of the cities and into the countryside, hiring a car can be a great idea.  Start by trying Holiday Autos, www.holidayautos.co.uk, they're part of Lastminute.com so are reliable and have a wide range of locations and very good prices.

Compare 50 different car hire companies:  www.carrentals.co.uk

The award-winning website www.carrentals.co.uk compares many different car hire companies including Holiday Autos, meaning not only a cheapest price comparison but a wider choice of hire and drop off location.

Travel insurance & health card...



Columbus direct travel insurance

Get travel insurance, it's essential...

Never travel without insurance from a reliable travel insurer with at least £1m or preferably £5m medical cover.  It should also cover loss of cash (up to a limit) & belongings, and cancellation. An annual multi-trip policy is usually cheapest even for just 2 or 3 trips a year (I have an annual policy myself).  Don't expect travel insurance to bail you out of every missed connection, though, see the advice on missed connections here.  Here are some suggested insurers, Seat61 gets a little commission if you buy through these links, and feedback from using insurance for rail & ferry travel is always welcome.

In the UK, use www.confused.com to compare prices & policy features across major insurance companies.

If you have a pre-existing medical condition or are over 65 (no age limit), see www.JustTravelCover.com.

        If you live in Australia, New Zealand, Ireland or the EU, try Columbus Direct's other websites.

  If you live in the USA try Travel Guard USA.

Get an EU health card, it's free...

If you're a UK citizen travelling in Europe, you should apply for a free European Health Insurance Card, which entitles you to free or reduced rate health care if you become ill or get injured in many European countries, under a reciprocal arrangement with the NHS.  This replaced the old E111 forms as from January 2006.  The EHIC card is available from www.ehic.org.uk.  It doesn't remove the need for travel insurance, though.

Get a spare credit card, designed for foreign travel with no currency exchange loading & low/no ATM fees

Taking out an extra credit card costs nothing, but if you keep it in a different part of your luggage you won't be left stranded if your wallet gets stolen.  In addition, some credit cards are better for overseas travel than others.  Martin Lewis's www.moneysavingexpert.com/travel/cheap-travel-money explains which UK credit cards have the lowest currency exchange commission loadings when you buy something overseas, and the lowest cash withdrawal fees when you use an ATM abroad.

You can avoid ATM charges and expensive exchange rates with a Caxton FX euro currency Visa Card, or their multi-currency 'Global Traveller' Visa Card, see www.caxtonfx.com for info.

Get an international SIM card to save on calls & mobile data...

Mobile phones can cost a fortune to use abroad, so consider getting a global pre-paid SIM card for your mobile phone which can cut call & data costs by up to 90%.  At the time of writing, www.roamsure.com claims a definite 25% saving within the EU and up to 90% saving in the rest of the world.  Incoming calls are free in 73 countries, including all of the EU, the USA, Australia & South Africa.  There's no contract or commitment, and at time I write this Roamsure is offering a global SIM card for free when you buy £20 of call credit.  Seat61 gets some commission to support the site if you buy airtime from Roamsure.


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